Scholarly Articles

"Using Careless Speech for Careful, Well-Crafted Writing, Whatever Its Style." Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning, 19 (Winter 2013).

"Response to Kelly Ritter." Writing Program Administration, no. 1, 2011, p. 172.

"Good Enough Evaluation: When is it Feasible and When is Evaluation Not Worth Having?" Writing Assessment in the 21st Century: Essays in Honor of Edward M. White. Eds. Norbert Elliot and Les Perelman. Hampton Press, 2011.

"What is Real College Writing? Let the Disagreement Never End." WPA: Writing Program Administration 34.2 (Spring 2011).

"Why Deny to Speakers of African American Language a Choice Most of Us Offer Other Students?" In The Elephant in the Classroom: Race and Writing. Ed. Jane Smith. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press, 2010).

(With Janet Bean). "Freewriting and Free Speech: A Pragmatic Perspective." Journal of Teaching Writing (Spring 2010). (Selected for Best Writing from Independent Composition and Rhetoric Journals: 2010. Ed. Steve Parks. West Lafayette, IN: Parlor Press).

(With Jane Danielewicz). "A Unilateral Grading Contract to Improve Learning and Teaching." College Composition and Communication 61.2 (December 2009).

"Reflections: Three Chances to Think Both/And." In Renewing Rhetoric's Relation to Composition: Essays in Honor of Theresa Jarnagin Enos. Ed. Shane Borrowman, Stuart C. Brown, and Thomas P. Miller. New York: Routledge, 2009.

"The Believing Game or Methodological Believing." Journal for the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning 14 (Winter 2009).

"Coming to See Myself as a Vernacular Intellectual: Remarks at the 2007 CCCC General Session on Receiving the Exemplar Award." College Composition and Communication 59.3 (February 2008).

"Voice in Writing Again: Embracing Contraries." College English 70.2 (November 2007).

(With Mary Deane Sorcinelli). "The Faculty Writing Place: A Room of Our Own." Change Magazine, November/December 2006.

"Do We Need a Single Standard of Value for Institutional Assessment? An Essay Response to Asao Inoue's "Community-Based Assessment Pedagogy." Assessing Writing (2006).

"The Believing Game and How to Make Conflicting Opinions More Fruitful." in Nurturing the Peacemakers in our Students: A Guide to Teaching Peace, Empathy, and Understanding. Ed. Chris Weber. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2006.

"The Music of Form: Rethinking Organization in Writing." College Composition and Communication 57.4 (June 2006): 620-666.

"The Believing Game and How to Make Conflicting Opinions More Fruitful." Nurturing the Peacemakers in Our Students: A Guide to Teaching Peace, Empathy, and Understanding. Chris Weber, editor. Heinemann, 2006.

"Foreword: When the Margins are at the Center." Dialects, Englishes, Creoles, and Education. ed. Shondel J. Nero. Lawrence Erlbaum, 2006. x-xv.

(With Mary Deane Sorcinelli): "How to Enhance Learning by Using High Stakes and Low Stakes Writing." In McKeachie's Teaching Tips: Strategies, Research, and Theory for College and University Teachers. 12th edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2005

"A Friendly Challenge to Push the Outcomes Statement Further." The Outcomes Book: Debate and Consensus after the WPA Outcomes Statement. Eds. Susanmarie Harrington, Keith Rhodes, Ruth Overman Fischer, Rita Malenczyk. Logan UT: Utah State UP, 2005. 177-90.

"Alternative Languages: Losers Weepers, Savers Reapers." Invited, concluding essay for a special issue of The Journal of Teaching Writing 21.1&2 (devoted to language varieties). Spring 2005: 123-38.

"Bringing the Rhetoric of Assent and The Believing Game Together--and into the Classroom." College English 67.4 (March 2005): 388-99.

"How Portfolios Show Us Problems with Holistic Scoring, but Suggest an Alternative." (Reprinted from Assessment Update. 6.4 (1994) into Portfolio Assessment: Uses, Cases, Scoring, and Impact. Ed. Trudy Banta. Jossey-Bass in 2004.

"Ken Macrorie's Commitment and the Need for What's Wild." Writing on the Edge 15.1 (Fall 2004): 18-23.

"The Persistence of Voices." Foreword for Voice as Process. Lizbeth Bryant. Heinemann. 2005. vii-xii.

"Write First: Putting Writing before Reading is an Effective Approach to Teaching and Learning." Educational Leadership 62.2 (October 2004): 8-14.

Foreword: "Felt Sense and the Wrong Word". Perl, Sondra. Felt Sense: Writing With the Body. Portsmouth NH: Heinemann, 2004. v-ix.

Foreword Writing Alone and With Others. Pat Schneider. NY: Oxford UP, 2003. ix-xiii.

"Three Mysteries at the Heart of Writing." Composition Studies in the New Millennium: Rereading the Past, Rewriting the Future. Lynn Z. Bloom, Donald A. Daiker, Edward M. White, eds. Carbondale IL: Southern Illinois UP, 2003. 10-27.

Foreword A Way to Move: Rhetorics of Emotion and Composition Studies. Eds. Dale Jacobs and Laura R Micciche. Portsmouth NH: Boynton/Cook Heinemann. 2003.

[co-authored with: Janet Bean, Maryann Cucchiara, Robert Eddy, Rhonda Grego, Ellie Kutz, Rich Haswell, Patricia Irvine, Eileen Kennedy, Al Lehner, Paul Kei Matsuda]. "Should We Invite Students to Write in Home Languages? Complicating the Yes/No Debate." Composition Studies 31.1 (Spring 2003): 25-42.

"Directed Self-Placement in Relation to Assessment: Shifting the Crunch from Entrance to Exit." Directed Self-Placement: Principles and Practices. Eds. Daniel J. Royer and Roger Gilles. Kresskill NJ: Hampton Press, 2003. 15-30.

"Should We Invite Students to Write in L1?" Idiom. Publication of New York State TESOL Association. Spring 2003

"A More Spacious Model of Writing and Literacy." Beyond Postprocess and Postmodernism: Essays on the Spaciousness of Rhetoric. Eds. Theresa Enos and Keith D. Miller. Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2003. 217-33.

"Vernacular Englishes in the Writing Classroom: Probing the Culture of Literacy. ALT DIS: Alternative Discourses and the Academy. Eds. Christopher Schroeder, Patricia Bizzell, and Helen Fox. Heinemann, 2002. 126-38.

"The Cultures of Literature and Composition: What Could Each Learn from the Other." College English 64.5 (May 2002): 533-46. A response and my reply are printed in the March 2003 issue of CE.) (Reprinted in Teaching Composition/Teaching Literature: Crossing Great Divides. Eds. Michelle Tokarczyk and Irene Papoulis. 2002. 148-60.)

"The Role of Publication in the Democratization of Writing." Publishing with Students: A Comprehensive Guide. Ed. Chris Weber. Portsmouth NH: Heinemann, 2002. 1-8.

Keil, Charles, John Trimbur and Peter Elbow. "Making Choices about Voices." Composition Studies, 30.1 (Spring 2002): 61-65.

"Making Postmodernism and Critical Thinking Dance with Each Other." Short essay/resonse in Reinventing the University: Literacies and Legitimacy in the Postmodern Academy. Christopher L. Schroeder. Utah State UP, 2001.

Foreword. The Original Text-Wrestling Book. Eds. Marcia Curis et al. Dubuque IO: Kendall/Hunt, 2001. ix-xiv.

Introduction. Writing on the Edge. Spring 2000. Invited editor for a special issue devoted to stories of writing and teaching.

"Individualism and the Teaching of Writing: Response to Vai Ramanathan and Dwight Atkinson." Journal of Second Language Writing 8.3 (1999): 327-38.

"Using the Collage for Collaborative Writing." Composition Studies 27.1 (Spring 1999): 7-14.

"Inviting the Mother Tongue: Beyond 'Mistakes,' 'Bad English,' and 'Wrong Language'." Journal of Advanced Composition 19.2 (Spring 1999): 359-88.

"In Defense of Private Writing." Written Communication 16.2. (April 1999): 139-79.

"Collage: Your Cheatin' Art." Writing On the Edge 9.1 (Fall/winter 1998): 26-40.

New Introduction for the 17th anniversary new edition of Writing With Power. Oxford University Press, 1998.

New Introduction for the 25th anniversary new edition of Writing Without Teachers. Oxford University Press, 1998.

"Illiteracy at Oxford and Harvard: Reflections on the Inability to Write." Reflective Stories: Becoming Teachers of College English and English Education. Eds. H. Thomas McCrackin and Richard L. Larson, with Judith Entes. National Council of Teachers of English, 1998.

"Changing Grading While Working with Grades." Theory and Practice of Grading Writing: Problems and Possibilities. Eds. Chris Weaver and Fran Zak. State University of New York Press, 1998.

"Taking Time Out from Grading and Evaluating while Working in a Conventional System" Assessing Writing 4.1 (spring 1997): 5-27.

"Grading Student Writing: Make It Simpler, Fairer, Clearer." Writing to Learn: Strategies for Assigning and Responding to Writing in the Disciplines. Eds. Mary Deane Sorcinelli and Peter Elbow. (A volume in the series, New Directions for Teaching and Learning.) Jossey-Bass, 1997.

"Introductory Essay: High Stakes and Low Stakes in Assigning and Responding to Writing." Writing to Learn: Strategies for Assigning and Responding to Writing in the Disciplines. Eds. Mary Deane Sorcinelli and Peter Elbow. (A volume in the series, New Directions for Teaching and Learning.) Jossey-Bass, 1997.

(with Pat Belanoff). "Reflections on an Explosion: Portfolios in the '90s and Beyond." Situating Portfolios: Four Perspectives. Eds. Kathleen Blake Yancey and Irwin Weiser. Utah State University Press, 1997. 21-33.

"Speech and Writing." Essay for Encyclopedia of Rhetoric. Ed. Theresa Enos. NY: Garland Publishing, Inc, 1996.

"Writing Assessment: Do It Better, Do It Less." The Politics and Practices of Assessment in Writing. Eds. William Lutz, Edward White and Sandra Kamusikiri. Modern Language Association,1996.

"Writing Assessment in the Twenty-first Century: A Utopian View." Composition in the 21st Century: Crisis and Change. Eds. Lynn Bloom, Don Daiker, and Ed White. Southern Illinois University Press, 1996. 83-100.

"Principles that Underlie My Teaching" and selected responses to student papers. Twelve Readers Reading. Hampton Press, 1995.

"Breathing Life into the Text." When Writing Teachers Teach Literature: Bringing Writing to Reading. Eds. Art Young and Toby Fulwiler. Heinemann Boynton/Cook, 1995. 193-205.

"Response to David Bartholomae." College Composition and Communication 46.1 (February 1995): 87-91.

"Being a Writer vs. Being an Academic: A Conflict in Goals." College Composition and Communication 46.1 (February 1995): 72-83.

"Group Work: Sharing and Responding." Notes in the Margin Fall 1994. (Published by the Stanford University Writing Program).

With Kathleen Blake Yancey. "An Annotated and Collective Bibliography of Voice: Soundings from the Voices Within." In Voices on Voice: Perspectives, Definitions, Inquiry. Ed. Kathleen Blake Yancey. National Council of Teachers of English, 1994.

With Kathleen Blake Yancey: "On Holistic Scoring and the Nature of Reading: An Inquiry Composed on Email." Invited essay for inaugural issue of Assessing Writing 1.1 (1994).

"How Portfolios Show Us Problems with Holistic Scoring, but Suggest an Alternative." Assessment Update. 6.4 (July-August 1994).

"Introduction: Voice and Writing." Voice and Writing. Davis CA: Hermagoras Press (now Erlbaum), 1994. xi-xlvii. (A shorter version is published as "What Do We Mean When We Talk about Voice in Writing?" in Voices on Voice: Perspectives, Definitions, Inquiry. Ed. Kathleen Blake Yancey. National Council of Teachers of English, 1994.)

"Group Work: Sharing and Responding." Notes in the Margin Fall 1994. (Published by the Stanford University Writing Program.)

"Advanced Classes Destructive of Motivation and Curiosity." Amherst Bulletin (18 Nov 1994).

"To Group or Not to Group: System Leads to Narrow Definition of Intelligence." Amherst Bulletin 25.50. (7 Jan 1994).

"Will the Virtues of Portfolios Blind Us to their Potential Dangers?" New Directions in Portfolio Assessment: Reflective Practice, Critical Theory, and Large-Scale Scoring. Eds. Laurel Black, Don Daiker, Jeffrey Sommers, and Gail Stygall. Heinemann/Boynton-Cook, 1994. 40-55.

"Freewriting." Encyclopedia of English Studies and Language Arts. Ed. Alan Purves. National Council of Teachers of English, 1994.

"Voice in Literature." Encyclopedia of English Studies and Language Arts. Ed. Alan Purves. National Council of Teachers of English, 1994.

"Ranking, Evaluating, and Liking: Sorting out Three Forms of Judgment." College English 55.2 (Feb 1993). Followed by a reply to four responses 56.1 (Jan 1994): 187-206.

"Response to Glynda Hull, Mike Rose, Kay Losey Fraser, and Marisa Castellano, "Remediation as a Social Construct," (College Composition and Communication 42, Oct 1991). College Composition and Communication 44.4 (Dec 1993).

"Silence: A Collage." In Presence of Mind: Writing and the Domain Beyond the Cognitive. Eds. Alice Brand and Richard Graves. Heinemann/Boynton-Cook, 1993.

"The War Between Reading and Writing--and How to End It." Rhetoric Review 12.1 (Fall 1993): 5-24. (James A. Berlin award for the best essay of the year in that journal.) Reprinted in Everyone Can Write: Essays Toward a Hopeful Theory of Writing and Teaching Writing. NY: Critical Theory and the Teaching of Literature: Politics, Curriculum Pedagogy. Eds. James Slevin and Art Young. National Council of Teachers of English, 1996. 270-91. (Reprinted in Oxford University Press, 2000.)

"The Uses of Binary Thinking." Journal of Advanced Composition 13.1 (Winter 1993): 51-78. (Reprinted in Everyone Can Write: Essays Toward a Hopeful Theory of Writing and Teaching Writing. NY: Oxford University Press, 2000. Also, an edited version, in Taking Stock: The Writing Process Movement in the 90s. Eds. Lad Tobin and Tom Newkirk. Heinemann Boynton/Cook. 1994.)

"Using Low-Stakes Writing in Judgment-Free Zones." Writing Teacher May 1992: 8.

"Freewriting and the Problem of the Wheat and the Tares." Writing and Publishing for Academic Authors. Ed Joseph Moxley. University Press of America, 1992. 33-47. 2nd ed, Lanham MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1997.

"Making Better Use of Student Evaluations of Teachers." ADE Bulletin 101 (Spring 1992). (Reprinted in Profession 92, Modern Language Association.)

"Writing Assessment: Do It Less, Do It Better." Adult Assessment Forum 2.4 (Winter 1991).

"Polanyian Perspectives on the Teaching of Literature and Composition." Tradition & Discovery: The Polanyi Society Periodical 17.1-2 (1990-91).

"Foreword." Portfolios: Process and Product. Eds, Pat Belanoff and Marcia Dickson. Heinemann, Boynton/Cook, 1991.

"Some Thoughts on Expressive Discourse: A Review Essay." Review of Expressive Discourse by Jeanette Harris, SMU. Journal of Advanced Composition 11.1 (Winter 1991): 83-93.

"Reflections on Academic Discourse: How it Relates to Freshmen and Colleagues." College English 53.2 (Feb 1991): 135-55.

"Foreword: About Personal Expressive Academic Writing." Pre/Text 11.1-2 (1990). 7-20.

"Toward a Phenomenology of Freewriting." Journal of Basic Writing 8.2 (Fall 1989): 44-71. (Also in Nothing Begins with N: New Investigations of Freewriting.)

"Response" to David Bleich's review of my Embracing Contraries. ADE Bulletin 93 (Fall 1989).

"Foreward." Alice Brand. The Psychology of Writing: The Affective Experience. Greenwood Press, 1989.

"The Pleasures of Voices in the Literary Essay: Explorations in the Prose of Gretel Ehrlich and Richard Selzer." Literary Nonfiction: Theory, Criticism, Pedagogy. Ed. Chris Anderson. Southern Illinois University Press, 1989.

"My Vision for Writing and English Faculty." Colleague 5 (Winter 1988).

"To the Troops in the Trenches" and "Skeleton-Making Feedback and the Teaching of Thinking" and "A Note about Collaboration" and "A Moment from the Meeting." Teachers and Writers 19.4 (March-April 1988).

"A Remarkable Consensus." Massachusetts English Teacher 3/88.

"Getting More Discussion into MLA Convention Sessions." Modern Language Association Newsletter 19.4 (Winter 1987).

Review of Reclaiming the Classroom: Teacher Research as an Agency for Change. Eds. Dixie Goswami and Peter Stillman. ADE Bulletin 87 (Fall 1987).

"Closing My Eyes as I Speak: An Argument For Ignoring Audience." College English 49.1 (Jan 1987): 50-69.

(With Jennifer Clarke) "Desert Island Discourse: The Benefits of Ignoring Audience." The Journal Book. Ed. Toby Fulwiler. Boynton/Cook 1987. 19-32.

(With Pat Belanoff) "Portfolios as a Substitute for Proficiency Examinations." College Composition and Communication 37.3 (Oct 1986).

(With Pat Belanoff) "Using Portfolios to Increase Collaboration and Community in a Writing Program." WPA: Journal of Writing Program Administration 9.3 (Spring 1986): 27-40.

(With Pat Belanoff) "State University of New York: Portfolio-Based Evaluation Program." New Methods in College Writing Programs: Theory into Practice. Eds. Paul Connolly and Teresa Vilardi. Modern Language Association, 1986.

"The Shifting Relationships Between Speech and Writing." College Composition and Communication 36.2 (Oct 1985): 283-303. (Braddock award for the best essay of the year in that journal.)

"The Challenge for Sentence Combining." Sentence Combining: A Rhetorical Perspective. Eds. Daiker, Don, Andrew Kerek, and Max Morenberg. Southern Illinois University Press, 1985.

"In the Beginning Was the Word." Review of Before the First Word, a video cassette published by the Encyclopaedia Brittanica Educational Foundation. Change Magazine June 1984.

"Teaching Thinking by Teaching Writing." Change Magazine, Sep 1983. (Also in Embracing Contraries.)

"Spilt Milk." (Poem) Soundings 20, SUNY Stony Brook (Spring 1983).

"Embracing Contraries in the Teaching Process." College English 45 (1983): 327-39. (Also in Embracing Contraries.) Followed by "Reply to Ronald Scheer and to Abraham Bernstein." College English 46.5 (Sep 1984).

"Teaching Writing by Not Paying Attention to Writing." Forum: Essays on Theory and Practice in the Teaching of Writing. Ed. Patricia Stock. Boynton/Cook, 1983.

"The Doubting Game and the Believing Game." Pre/Text: An Inter-Disciplinary Journal of Rhetoric 3.4 (Winter 1982).

"Comments on Kavanaugh." (Invited response.) Little Three Symposium on "Metaphors and Representations," Jan 1982, Wesleyan University. The Berkshire Review 17 (1982).

"About Resistance to Freewriting and Feedback Groups." Washington English Journal, Winter 1982.

"Learning and Authentic Moments." New Perspectives on Teaching and Learning: New Directions for Teaching and Learning 7. Ed. Warren Bryan Martin. Jossey-Bass, 1981.

"Taking the Crisis out of the Writing Crisis." Seattle Post-Intelligencer, 1 Nov 1981.

"One to One Faculty Development." Learning About Teaching: New Directions for Teaching and Learning 4. Ed. Jack Noonan. Jossey-Bass, 1980.

"Quick Revising." Washington English Journal 2.1 (Fall 1979).

"Why Teach Writing?" and "What is Good Writing?" The Why's of Teaching Composition, Washington Council of Teachers of English, 1978.

"Trying to Teach While Thinking About the End: Teaching in a Competence-Based Curriculum." On Competence: A Critical Analysis of Competence-Based Reforms in Higher Education, Jossey-Bass, 1979. (Also in Embracing Contraries.)

"The Doubting Game and the Believing Game." Goal-Making for English Teaching. Ed. Henry Maloney. National Council of Teachers of English, 1973 (reprinted from appendix, Writing Without Teachers).

"The Pedagogy of the Bamboozled." Soundings 56.2 (Summer 1973). (Also in Embracing Contraries.)

"Oppositions in The Knight's Tale." The Chaucer Review 7.2 (1973).

"Concerning the Necessity of Teachers." (Invited response.) Inter-Change: Journal of the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education 2.4 (Winter 1971).

"Teacher Power." (Invited essay-review of Pygmalion in the Classroom.) Elementary English June 1971.

"Shall We Teach or Give Credit? A Model for Higher Education." Soundings 54.3 (Fall 1971).

"Real Learning and Nondisciplinary Courses." Journal of General Education 23.2 (1971). (Also in Embracing Contraries.)

"Exploring My Teaching." College English 32.7 (Apr 1971). (A version was published in Change Magazine (Jan/Feb 1971) as "Teaching: My Students Tell Me." The essay is also in Embracing Contraries.)

"More Accurate Evaluation of Student Performance." Journal of Higher Education 40 (Mar 1969). (Also in Embracing Contraries.)

"The Definition of Teaching." College English 30.3 (Dec 1968).

"What is a Conscientious Objector?" Christian Century, Aug 1968.

"A Method for Teaching Writing." College English 30.2 (Nov 1968). (Followed by, "Reply to Donald Hassler" 30.8 (May 1969)

"Two Boethian Speeches in Troilus and Criseyde and Chaucerian Irony." In Literary Criticism and Historical Understanding. Ed. Phillip Damon. New York: Columbia University Press, 1967.